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Cagliari, Italy is the capital of Sardinia and known as the City of the Sun. This article shares a brief history of Cagliari, some interesting facts, exciting things to do while visiting, and more…

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As capital of Sardinia and also the largest city in Sardinia, Cagliari is situated on the Gulf of Cagliari and has a population of 204,237 (as of 1991).

The city is a major port and industrial center in Sardinia. With its gorgeous, glistening beaches and Medieval presence, Cagliari has been given the name “City of the Sun.”

A Brief History of Cagliari

Cagliari has ancient Phoenician origins. The city was conquered by Rome in the year 238 BC, and suffered invasions from the Arabs during the 8th and 9th centuries AD. During the 11th through 14th centuries, wars with Genoa led to the city’s becoming a stronghold of the Pisans.

The submarine base located in Cagliari was bombed during World War II by the Allies.

Ancient Remains of the City

The city of Cagliari contains some very precious remains from the Roman period. The Amphitheater dates back to the 2nd century AD. The Cave of the Viper, which was a Roman tomb, can still be seen. From the 15th century, towers of Pisan origin still beautify the Cagliarian skyline, as well as a mighty Castle. In the historical district, an Aragonese fortress still stands, along with other Medieval style buildings.

Things to See and Do in Cagliari

Spending a day at the beach of Poetto makes a visit worth while. Poetto is one of the most breath-taking beaches in Sardinia. You can also take a tour of the harbor, where much of the sailing in Italy takes place. The Archeological Museum is a must see for interesting historical facts. Also, don’t miss the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral (from the 13th century), the Basilica of San Satumino (5th century), and the tower of St. Pancras, which dates back to 1304 and was constructed by the Pisans.

If you enjoy nature and birdwatching, you’ll be amazed at the Molentargius Lagoon. There are around 200 species of birds (seventeen are near extinction). The pink flamingos are lovely to see!

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