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Rome, Italy – capital of Italy This article describes modern Rome, gives a brief history and tells about some interesting places to visit when in Rome…

As a city rich in history, religion, art and culture, Rome, Italy remains a modern representation of one of the greatest empires of history – the Roman Empire.

The modern city of Rome is situated on the banks of Tiber and Aniene, in the Campagna di Roma, surrounded by the Apennine Mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Rome holds the title Eternal City and is the residing place for Vatican City, home of the Pope. Vatican City is a sovereign state within Rome.

The Modern Rome

Although the history of Rome is complex, today Rome is a center of transportation for Italy. International transport by sea, air, railway and roadway create a busy scene. Banking, printing, insurance, publishing and fashion are each centered in Rome as well.

Interesting Facts and Landmarks

The modern Rome still clings to historical memories by preserving many interesting places such as the Farnese Palace (constructed in 1514), Accademia di Santa Cecilia, the worlds oldest academy of music (founded in 1584), the University of Rome (dated 1303) and many churches, museums and medieval buildings still stand in the city.

Rome is famous for its lovely Renaissance and baroque fountains. The Fontana di Trevi dates back to the 18th century. The Vatican houses Rome’s finest libraries and museums.

The churches of Rome are known for their 4th to 12th century mosaics and decor of colored marble, which became prominent in the 12th century.

In Cinecitta, there is Italy’s first movie industry, which was founded in 1936.

Rome and the Papacy

In 1871, Rome took its position as capital of Italy. This caused strife among two powers – Vatican and Quirinal, which was not resolved until 1929 when the Lateran Treaty gave the Pope sovereignty over Vatican City.

In 1944, during World War II, the Allies took Rome. In 1950, a holy year was declared by the residing Pope Pius XII, bringing large numbers of pilgrims to the scene. Rome had become the spiritual capital of Catholicism by this time.

When in Rome…..

Some places you must see are the Colosseum, where gladiator events were held, Piazza di Spagna, Fontana di Trevi, Pantheon, one of the worlds largest spiritual strictures, and Galleria Borghese, a museum of fabulous artwork and sculptures.

Did You Know?

The Colosseum held up to 50,000 spectators!

The Fontana di Trevi, a landmark fountain in Rome, still operates while powered by the original ancient aqueducts which run into the city. Although the aqueducts were destroyed by the Goths, they were rebuilt during the Renaissance period by one of the popes.

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