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Palermo, Italy – an amazing city of history. With its fabulous ancient monuments, cathedrals and constructions, Palermo has much to offer. This article briefly explains the history and entertainment of Palermo.

The Italian city of Palermo, located on the Gulf of Palermo (north-west coast of Sicily), in the Conca d’Oro, is well known for its fertile lands planted with citrus groves.

A Brief History

Palermo exchanged hands many times before becoming a part of Italy in1860. This fertile land was greatly desired by many different people and nations throughout history.

Around the 7th or 8th century, the city was founded by the Phoenicians and named Ziz, which means “flower”. The city belonged to Carthage until 254 BC, when it came under the domination of Rome. It later became one the most important centres on the island. It was then ruled by the Goths after the Roman Empire fell, and then possessed by Byzantine in 552 AD. In 831 AD, the Arabs captured Palermo, and it became the capital of the independent emirate of Sicily, also becoming quite prosperous.

In 1072 AD, Palermo was brought under the rule of the Normans by Ruggero d‘Altavilla, and became the capital of that kingdom. However, the Angevinslater chose Naples to be the capital city, and Palermo declined. In 1860, Palermo became a part of Italy, as it remains today.

Historical Sites in Abundance

You’ll find many historical sites and places to see in Palermo. With fine monuments, works of art, churches and buildings, tourism in Palermo is far from boring!

Some fabulous sites to see include the cathedral from the 12th century, the Martorana church, which dates back to Norman times and has beautiful Byzantine-style mosaics, and the Palazzo dei Normanni, which has Arab origins. Other interesting constructions are the 12th century Zisa and Cuba, both constructions of Arab style, the medieval Palazzo Chiaramonte, 14th century Palazzo Abatellis and the Parco della Favorita.

Events and Entertainment

Some popular events include Fiera Internazionale del Mediterraneo in late Spring, Festino di S. Rosalia in July and Festa dei Morti in November. Theatre, opera, symphonies, discos and cafes are among the typical entertainment in Palermo. From ancient puppet shows to street theatre performances such as the “vastasata”, Palermo has a little something for everyone.

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